NASA has invented the backpack
which will use lidar, or light detection and ranging laser light, to generate centimeter-level 3D maps of the moon's surface as Artemis program astronauts do their activities.
Lidar will especially be a
benefit even in low lighting conditions such as what astronauts will encounter near the south pole, their planned landing zone.
NASA has invented the
Kinematic Navigation and Cartography Knapsack (KNaCK) .KNAcK's work not only places local features into a larger geologic context, but also will assist with astronaut safety
As future Artemis astronauts
explore the moon, a new high-tech backpack will assist their mapping as they step into the unknown.
NASA does have high-definition lunar
maps of the surface to assist in landing activities so ground surveys of the moon will need a helping hand to assist astronauts with selecting rocks for samples
With no GPS within range to map
features, the backpack will show actual distances to landmarks, which was something that bedeviled astronauts during the Apollo surface missions of the 1960s and 1970s.